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Periodontal Therapy

Gum disease is one of the most prevalent dental issues in the country. Because symptoms can be minor, many people do not even know that they have it. Unfortunately, if left untreated, gum disease can spread and lead to gum recession and tooth loss.

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At Chagrin Highland’s Dental Group, we can use a variety of advanced dental techniques to treat gum disease for a healthy, beautiful smile!

What is Periodontal (Gum) Disease?

Gum disease is caused when bacteria grow and spread beneath the gums. This happens when plaque and tartar develop near the gumline. These hard substances make it difficult to clean your teeth and eliminate bacteria.

Over time, these bacteria can cause serious infections in the gum tissue and teeth. Without treatment, there is a high chance of tissue damage, gum rescission, and tooth loss. There are two stages of gum disease – gingivitis and periodontitis.

Gingivitis causes redness and swelling in the gums. Often, people with this condition notice that their gums are sensitive and bleed easily when they brush or floss. Gingivitis is not as serious as periodontitis. It can usually be treated with non-surgical treatment.

Periodontitis occurs when bacteria spread into the gums and bones and cause serious infections. This condition can cause pockets of bacteria to form between the teeth and gums. Over time, the pockets will get bigger, and the gums may begin to detach themselves from the teeth. Periodontitis not only hurts the soft tissues in your mouth, but it can also lead to tooth loss and jawbone damage. This condition usually requires surgical treatment.

What Are the Symptoms?

Although the symptoms of gum disease are different for everyone, there are several common ones to be mindful of. These include:

  • Loose teeth
  • Tooth loss
  • Tender, swollen gums
  • Receding gumline
  • Bleeding gums
  • Chronic bad breath
  • A change in bite

How is Gum Disease Treated?

Treatment will depend on the severity of the infection. For gingivitis, we can use scaling to clean your teeth and gums and remove built-up plaque and tartar that have built up along the gumline. This is a simple, straightforward procedure that is usually performed during routine cleanings. Once the plaque and tartar have been cleared away, and the mouth is clean, the gums will naturally begin to heal and grow back over the teeth.

For serious cases of periodontitis, a simple scaling may not be enough. In this case, Dr. Desatnik may recommend a root planing. During a root planing procedure, we will gently cut away a small portion of the gums to smooth the tooth root and eliminate the infection.

To ensure you are comfortable during both of these procedures, we are happy to offer several dental sedation options. Dr. Desatnik may use a local anesthetic, or you can request a relaxing sedative such as nitrous oxide (laughing gas). Visit our Sedation Dentistry page to read more about what we offer.

If you are interested in learning more about gum disease, scaling, or root planing, call us today at 216-464-9800.

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